<link rel='alternate' type='application/rss+xml' title='RSS' href='index.xml' />
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Foreground: #000
PrimaryPale: #8cf
PrimaryLight: #18f
PrimaryMid: #04b
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SecondaryLight: #fe8
SecondaryMid: #db4
SecondaryDark: #841
TertiaryPale: #eee
TertiaryLight: #ccc
TertiaryMid: #999
TertiaryDark: #666
Error: #f88
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a img {border:0;}

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	border-left:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];
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#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel a {border:none;color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
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.wizard .changedBoth {background:#ff8080;}
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.wizard .putToServer {background:#ff80ff;}
.wizard .gotFromServer {background:#80ffff;}

#messageArea {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
#messageArea .button {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]]; border:none;}

.popupTiddler {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; border:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}

.popup {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; border-left:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]]; border-top:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]]; border-right:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; border-bottom:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}
.popup hr {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; border-bottom:1px;}
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.title {color:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]];}
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.tagging, .tagged {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; background-color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]];}
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.footer {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
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.zoomer {background:none; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]]; border:3px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}

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.annotation {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border:2px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]];}

.viewer .listTitle {list-style-type:none; margin-left:-2em;}
.viewer .button {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]];}
.viewer blockquote {border-left:3px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.viewer table, table.twtable {border:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}
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.viewer td, .viewer tr, .twtable td, .twtable tr {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.viewer pre {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]];}
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.viewer hr {border:0; border-top:dashed 1px [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.highlight, .marked {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]];}

.editor input {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
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.editorFooter {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}

#backstageArea {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
#backstageArea a {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border:none;}
#backstageArea a:hover {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; }
#backstageArea a.backstageSelTab {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
#backstageButton a {background:none; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border:none;}
#backstageButton a:hover {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border:none;}
#backstagePanel {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border-color: [[ColorPalette::Background]] [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}
.backstagePanelFooter .button {border:none; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.backstagePanelFooter .button:hover {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
#backstageCloak {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; opacity:0.6; filter:'alpha(opacity=60)';}
* html .tiddler {height:1%;}

body {font-size:.75em; font-family:arial,helvetica; margin:0; padding:0;}

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a {text-decoration:none;}

dt {font-weight:bold;}

ol {list-style-type:decimal;}
ol ol {list-style-type:lower-alpha;}
ol ol ol {list-style-type:lower-roman;}
ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:decimal;}
ol ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:lower-alpha;}
ol ol ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:lower-roman;}
ol ol ol ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:decimal;}

.txtOptionInput {width:11em;}

#contentWrapper .chkOptionInput {border:0;}

.externalLink {text-decoration:underline;}

.indent {margin-left:3em;}
.outdent {margin-left:3em; text-indent:-3em;}
code.escaped {white-space:nowrap;}

.tiddlyLinkExisting {font-weight:bold;}
.tiddlyLinkNonExisting {font-style:italic;}

/* the 'a' is required for IE, otherwise it renders the whole tiddler in bold */
a.tiddlyLinkNonExisting.shadow {font-weight:bold;}

#mainMenu .tiddlyLinkExisting,
	#mainMenu .tiddlyLinkNonExisting,
	#sidebarTabs .tiddlyLinkNonExisting {font-weight:normal; font-style:normal;}
#sidebarTabs .tiddlyLinkExisting {font-weight:bold; font-style:normal;}

.header {position:relative;}
.header a:hover {background:transparent;}
.headerShadow {position:relative; padding:4.5em 0 1em 1em; left:-1px; top:-1px;}
.headerForeground {position:absolute; padding:4.5em 0 1em 1em; left:0px; top:0px;}

.siteTitle {font-size:3em;}
.siteSubtitle {font-size:1.2em;}

#mainMenu {position:absolute; left:0; width:10em; text-align:right; line-height:1.6em; padding:1.5em 0.5em 0.5em 0.5em; font-size:1.1em;}

#sidebar {position:absolute; right:3px; width:16em; font-size:.9em;}
#sidebarOptions {padding-top:0.3em;}
#sidebarOptions a {margin:0 0.2em; padding:0.2em 0.3em; display:block;}
#sidebarOptions input {margin:0.4em 0.5em;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel {margin-left:1em; padding:0.5em; font-size:.85em;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel a {font-weight:bold; display:inline; padding:0;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel input {margin:0 0 0.3em 0;}
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.wizard {padding:0.1em 1em 0 2em;}
.wizard h1 {font-size:2em; font-weight:bold; background:none; padding:0; margin:0.4em 0 0.2em;}
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.wizardFooter .status {padding:0 0.4em; margin-left:1em;}
.wizard .button {padding:0.1em 0.2em;}

#messageArea {position:fixed; top:2em; right:0; margin:0.5em; padding:0.5em; z-index:2000; _position:absolute;}
.messageToolbar {display:block; text-align:right; padding:0.2em;}
#messageArea a {text-decoration:underline;}

.tiddlerPopupButton {padding:0.2em;}
.popupTiddler {position: absolute; z-index:300; padding:1em; margin:0;}

.popup {position:absolute; z-index:300; font-size:.9em; padding:0; list-style:none; margin:0;}
.popup .popupMessage {padding:0.4em;}
.popup hr {display:block; height:1px; width:auto; padding:0; margin:0.2em 0;}
.popup li.disabled {padding:0.4em;}
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.listBreak {font-size:1px; line-height:1px;}
.listBreak div {margin:2px 0;}

.tabset {padding:1em 0 0 0.5em;}
.tab {margin:0 0 0 0.25em; padding:2px;}
.tabContents {padding:0.5em;}
.tabContents ul, .tabContents ol {margin:0; padding:0;}
.txtMainTab .tabContents li {list-style:none;}
.tabContents li.listLink { margin-left:.75em;}

#contentWrapper {display:block;}
#splashScreen {display:none;}

#displayArea {margin:1em 17em 0 14em;}

.toolbar {text-align:right; font-size:.9em;}

.tiddler {padding:1em 1em 0;}

.missing .viewer,.missing .title {font-style:italic;}

.title {font-size:1.6em; font-weight:bold;}

.missing .subtitle {display:none;}
.subtitle {font-size:1.1em;}

.tiddler .button {padding:0.2em 0.4em;}

.tagging {margin:0.5em 0.5em 0.5em 0; float:left; display:none;}
.isTag .tagging {display:block;}
.tagged {margin:0.5em; float:right;}
.tagging, .tagged {font-size:0.9em; padding:0.25em;}
.tagging ul, .tagged ul {list-style:none; margin:0.25em; padding:0;}
.tagClear {clear:both;}

.footer {font-size:.9em;}
.footer li {display:inline;}

.annotation {padding:0.5em; margin:0.5em;}

* html .viewer pre {width:99%; padding:0 0 1em 0;}
.viewer {line-height:1.4em; padding-top:0.5em;}
.viewer .button {margin:0 0.25em; padding:0 0.25em;}
.viewer blockquote {line-height:1.5em; padding-left:0.8em;margin-left:2.5em;}
.viewer ul, .viewer ol {margin-left:0.5em; padding-left:1.5em;}

.viewer table, table.twtable {border-collapse:collapse; margin:0.8em 1.0em;}
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table.listView {font-size:0.85em; margin:0.8em 1.0em;}
table.listView th, table.listView td, table.listView tr {padding:0px 3px 0px 3px;}

.viewer pre {padding:0.5em; margin-left:0.5em; font-size:1.2em; line-height:1.4em; overflow:auto;}
.viewer code {font-size:1.2em; line-height:1.4em;}

.editor {font-size:1.1em;}
.editor input, .editor textarea {display:block; width:100%; font:inherit;}
.editorFooter {padding:0.25em 0; font-size:.9em;}
.editorFooter .button {padding-top:0px; padding-bottom:0px;}

.fieldsetFix {border:0; padding:0; margin:1px 0px;}

.sparkline {line-height:1em;}
.sparktick {outline:0;}

.zoomer {font-size:1.1em; position:absolute; overflow:hidden;}
.zoomer div {padding:1em;}

* html #backstage {width:99%;}
* html #backstageArea {width:99%;}
#backstageArea {display:none; position:relative; overflow: hidden; z-index:150; padding:0.3em 0.5em;}
#backstageToolbar {position:relative;}
#backstageArea a {font-weight:bold; margin-left:0.5em; padding:0.3em 0.5em;}
#backstageButton {display:none; position:absolute; z-index:175; top:0; right:0;}
#backstageButton a {padding:0.1em 0.4em; margin:0.1em;}
#backstage {position:relative; width:100%; z-index:50;}
#backstagePanel {display:none; z-index:100; position:absolute; width:90%; margin-left:3em; padding:1em;}
.backstagePanelFooter {padding-top:0.2em; float:right;}
.backstagePanelFooter a {padding:0.2em 0.4em;}
#backstageCloak {display:none; z-index:20; position:absolute; width:100%; height:100px;}

.whenBackstage {display:none;}
.backstageVisible .whenBackstage {display:block;}
StyleSheet for use when a translation requires any css style changes.
This StyleSheet can be used directly by languages such as Chinese, Japanese and Korean which need larger font sizes.
body {font-size:0.8em;}
#sidebarOptions {font-size:1.05em;}
#sidebarOptions a {font-style:normal;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel {font-size:0.95em;}
.subtitle {font-size:0.8em;}
.viewer table.listView {font-size:0.95em;}
@media print {
#mainMenu, #sidebar, #messageArea, .toolbar, #backstageButton, #backstageArea {display: none !important;}
#displayArea {margin: 1em 1em 0em;}
noscript {display:none;} /* Fixes a feature in Firefox where print preview displays the noscript content */
<div class='header' macro='gradient vert [[ColorPalette::PrimaryLight]] [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]'>
<div class='headerShadow'>
<span class='siteTitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteTitle'></span>&nbsp;
<span class='siteSubtitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteSubtitle'></span>
<div class='headerForeground'>
<span class='siteTitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteTitle'></span>&nbsp;
<span class='siteSubtitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteSubtitle'></span>
<div id='mainMenu' refresh='content' tiddler='MainMenu'></div>
<div id='sidebar'>
<div id='sidebarOptions' refresh='content' tiddler='SideBarOptions'></div>
<div id='sidebarTabs' refresh='content' force='true' tiddler='SideBarTabs'></div>
<div id='displayArea'>
<div id='messageArea'></div>
<div id='tiddlerDisplay'></div>
<div class='toolbar' macro='toolbar [[ToolbarCommands::ViewToolbar]]'></div>
<div class='title' macro='view title'></div>
<div class='subtitle'><span macro='view modifier link'></span>, <span macro='view modified date'></span> (<span macro='message views.wikified.createdPrompt'></span> <span macro='view created date'></span>)</div>
<div class='tagging' macro='tagging'></div>
<div class='tagged' macro='tags'></div>
<div class='viewer' macro='view text wikified'></div>
<div class='tagClear'></div>
<div class='toolbar' macro='toolbar [[ToolbarCommands::EditToolbar]]'></div>
<div class='title' macro='view title'></div>
<div class='editor' macro='edit title'></div>
<div macro='annotations'></div>
<div class='editor' macro='edit text'></div>
<div class='editor' macro='edit tags'></div><div class='editorFooter'><span macro='message views.editor.tagPrompt'></span><span macro='tagChooser excludeLists'></span></div>
To get started with this blank [[TiddlyWiki]], you'll need to modify the following tiddlers:
* [[SiteTitle]] & [[SiteSubtitle]]: The title and subtitle of the site, as shown above (after saving, they will also appear in the browser title bar)
* [[MainMenu]]: The menu (usually on the left)
* [[DefaultTiddlers]]: Contains the names of the tiddlers that you want to appear when the TiddlyWiki is opened
You'll also need to enter your username for signing your edits: <<option txtUserName>>
These [[InterfaceOptions]] for customising [[TiddlyWiki]] are saved in your browser

Your username for signing your edits. Write it as a [[WikiWord]] (eg [[JoeBloggs]])

<<option txtUserName>>
<<option chkSaveBackups>> [[SaveBackups]]
<<option chkAutoSave>> [[AutoSave]]
<<option chkRegExpSearch>> [[RegExpSearch]]
<<option chkCaseSensitiveSearch>> [[CaseSensitiveSearch]]
<<option chkAnimate>> [[EnableAnimations]]

Also see [[AdvancedOptions]]
More than 1.7 million Ning Networks created
More than 37 million registered members

from [[Ning.com|http://www.ning.com/]]:
5,000 Ning Networks are created every day 
1 million members register every 12 days

1.  Contribute factual information.
2.  Contribute information that will improve understanding of Ning as a journalistic tool.
3.  Respect freedom and alternative viewpoints.
4.  Edit pages to emphasize flow of ideas.
5.  Include sources when possible.
6.  Don't post anything considered illegal or obscene.
7.  Violation of these rules three or more times will result in loss of posting privileges.

EduCause [[notes|http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI7036.pdf]] that the most significant part of the network is that it is free and requires no technical skill. While users experiment and learn more about the site, the site’s creators and more technologically advanced users are constantly developing new tools for Ningers. This allows for constant updates, user encouragement and new ways to spread the news.

[[Ning vs. Other Social Networks]]
Aisha Mohammed 

Rachel Hanes

Sarah Beth Hensley
[[Mission Statement]]
[[Contact Information]]
First, go to Ning.com and click on “Join now.”  You can then sign up for a social network, verify your email address and then create your social network.  You can then attract members to your social network and manage your widgets, or tools on your page.

Ning.com recommends that user's [[set up| http://help.ning.com/cgi-bin/ning.cfg/php/enduser/workshop.php?p_sid=ZWTqW6Nj]], [[grow| http://help.ning.com/cgi-bin/ning.cfg/php/enduser/workshop.php?p_sid=ZWTqW6Nj]] and [[promote| http://help.ning.com/cgi-bin/ning.cfg/php/enduser/workshop.php?p_sid=ZWTqW6Nj]] to enjoy their ning experience. 

Ning give anyone the opportunity to create their own social network, [[according to a video|http://www.crunchbase.com/company/ning]] from [[crunchbase.com|http://www.crunchbase.com]] where CEO of Ning, Gina Bianchini demonstrates how to start using Ning.
The purpose of [[Ning|http://www.ning.com/]] is to create a platform for members of the Ning community to network with each other as well as share and discuss, according to the creators of Ning, what brings them together: their passions. Today, millions of people are members of millions of Ning Networks, and its popularity is ever growing as more and more people come together to share and invest in their interests. More and more, these networks are becoming more centralized to specific communities, allowing people in similar locations to communicate both within a Ning Network and a community network.

According to [[EduCause|http://www.educause.edu/]], who has begun to advocate Ning use in classrooms, describes the social network as an online service that allows anyone and everyone to create a Ning Network pertaining to any interest. The creator has full control over whether the network is public or private and what it looks like but requires no technical skill, making it very user-friendly. 

While some network may cost money to join and operate, many are free thanks in part to advertising on the site. Each network can host videos, photos, a list of members, groups, events and blogs and forums within the network. The versatility of Ning allows it to be whatever the creator and the groups members want it to be. Currently, people are using Ning to create networks for dating, entertainment and support groups. Whole some groups are regional, others span the entire globe. Some groups, such as Skidazzle, serve a particular hobby, while others, such as Serve the City, focus on community service. There really are Nings for every and any interest.
1.  Share how you use Ning.com.
2.  Share a time you used Ning.com to access “news.”
3.  Share your Ning.com site.
4.  What news organizations are using Ning.com?
5.  Suggestions of new ways to use Ning.
6.  Add to the [[Ning Background]], [[Practice]] and [[Ning's Main Advantage: Interactivity]] sections of the wiki.
7.  Refer to [[Code of Conduct]] on expectations for posting.

[[Mission Statement]]
[[How You Can Help]]
[[Code of Conduct]]
[[Contact Information]]
[[Ning Background]]
[[Ning's Main Advantage: Interactivity]]

Ning.com is a social networking web site that allows anyone to form online communities around shared interest.  This tool has changed how people interact and has the ability to transform journalism.  This wiki serves as a way to relay information about ning.com and show common applications of the web site to promote community journalism.

How useful Ning is to a community depends on the participation of the members of the social network.

If you have suggestions for expanding this [[Mission Statement]], email us by referring to [[Contact Information]].

Ning is the social platform for the world’s interests and passions online.  Ning is based in Palo Alto, California, and offers a service that allows people to join and create Ning Networks.  Millions of people use Ning to explore and express their interests, discover new passions, and meet new people around shared pursuits.

Ning enables individuals, artists, brands and organizations to control their own unique Ning Network that mesh with other social media services.

[[Ning History]]

[[By The Numbers]]

[[Ning Timeline]]

[[Ning In The News]]

[[Ning Guide]]
Ning is a valuable source for social networking because it is a simple way to create your own network.

[[Getting Started On Ning]]

[[Ning vs. Other Social Networks]]
Ning was founded in October 2004 by Gina Bianchini and Marc Andreessen. They started development in 2004 and launched the site in October 2005.  Since the public launch in 2005, Ning has developed many special features that have allowed millions of people to stay connected through their shared interests. 

Information from [[Ning.com|http://www.ning.com/]].

Information about the [[founders and their philosophy|http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/125/nings-infinite-ambition.html?page=1%2C0]]

[[Ning Timeline]]

[[Ning Background]]

[[By The Numbers]]

[[Ning In The News]]

[[Ning Guide]]
[[Ning.com|http://www.ning.com/]] has been in the news for how people are using it’s applications, how Ning.com is recruiting more users and how the web space is being utilized.

More recently, [[Ning announced| http://about.ning.com/press_release_111209.php]] November 12, 2009, annual growth of more than 300 percent, reaching over 1.7 million Ning Networks created and more than 37 million registered users around the world with 1 million new members being added every 12 days across Ning Networks.  Because of the success the company recently promoted Senior Vice President of Business Operations Jason Rosenthal to chief operating officer.

Also, in November 2009, Ning announced a [[new feature for virtual gift giving|http://www.virtualgoodsnews.com/2009/11/ning-introduces-variable-pricing-categories-for-virtual-gifts.html]].  When the applications launch all Ning virtual gifts cost 75 credits, or about $1.50.  The idea is to let users with high enthusiasm and deep pockets spend more on elaborate virtual gifts that suit the particular needs of a given social network.  Since launch the virtual gifting feature has proven very popular on Ning, with 500,000 virtual gifts given within the first three weeks the feature was added.
October 2004: Began development of the Ning Platform, a programmable technology platform with the goal of enabling millions of people to create and join their own Ning Networks with as much choice and flexibility in the topic, features, design and members as possible.

October 2005: Publicly launched the Ning Platform with 20+ simple social applications from ratings to reviews, groups, photos, and confessions. 40,000 simple applications created in 16 months.

February 2007: Publicly launched Ning Networks. 17,000 created in the first month.

December 2007: Ended the year with 144,000 Ning Networks.

October 2008: Launched OpenSocial profile application support on member profiles across Ning with 30+ third-party developers. OpenSocial profile applications grew to 80 different applications in a week.

October 2008: Announced future launch of Ning Apps and a new way to expand the feature choice across Ning.

December 2008: Ended the year with 700,000 Ning Networks.

April 2009: Passed 1,000,000 Ning Networks created.

May 2009: Launched the private beta for Ning Apps with more than 90 new applications Ning Network Creators can add to their Ning Networks.

September 2009: Launched 90 + Ning Apps to provide new features to Ning Network Creators.

information from [[Ning.com|http://www.ning.com/]].
how Ning is changing community journalism
Scenario for how Ning could work (ideally):  Let’s say the news organization has created a section on the website for community members to submit story ideas for either staff reporters or community members. Diana, a community member, suggests that someone should write a piece on a 50s style ice cream parlor that is shutting down after 40 years because it can no longer pay the mortgage.  The owners have decided to sell the building.   The parlor is special, she argues, because it is an afterschool meeting place for local teens. 

The city is gearing up for local and state elections and all the staff reporters are already booked covering townhall meetings, interviewing candidates, writing about ballot issues, etc.   No community member steps up to write the piece either, but Nadia, a community member who has some experience freelancing, suggests that Diana should write the piece.  Diana has never written a story before and is intimidated by the process.  The community member then offers to help her map out the story, gives interviewing tips and agrees to do the final edits.  Alisa, a staff reporter realizes that she will be driving by the business on her way to cover another story and offers to stop by and take photographs for the story.  Diana ends up collaborating with Nadia and Alisa to produce a moving photo/text essay about the history of the business in the community and its contributions.  Nadia, then, inspired by the final piece, decides to use it as a springboard to write a piece on how the neighborhood has been hit the hardest by foreclosures in the county.   Alisa then connects both these pieces to a story related to a ballot measure that would allow the local courthouse to launch an initiative to change the terms of agreement for mortgages, enabling homeowners struggling with foreclosures can stay in their homes.
Collectively, these articles spark a discussion on the website, and parents of the teens that hang out at the parlor decide to take a poll to gauge the level of interest in holding a fundraiser for the ice cream parlor.  The poll is overwhelmingly in favor of doing the fundraiser and community members use ning to organize a fundraiser that raises enough money for the ice cream parlor to pay its mortgage for the next four months.  This will give the owners some time to work with a small business consultant on turning their business around.  
Many news organizations have tried to open up “doorways” for the audience by inviting comments on stories, soliciting submissions like CNN’s iReport, and setting up citizen journalist websites like Northwest Voice.  Nings can do more than open a doorway to the audience; they can create a virtual living room, where audience members can hang out online, engage in discussion, redecorate, collaborate, etc.

Because it can be reached by many members of a community, Ning is a perfect way to bring members of an established, regional district together, and that is why it is being used to enhance community journalism. To encourage citizen journalism, news editors and organizers can use Ning, where users can post community events, forum groups, pictures, videos, text, chat and blogs. There is something that will appeal to everyone; if a citizen is not confident with writing then they can submit photos, or someone who is engaged in a specific event can write the story themselves instead of going through a reporter. 

This will also allow for an array of new reports about many community events, some of which may never be covered by the local news paper. For example, a Ning user, whose child is going to the local high school’s prom, could post an event for a pre-prom party and put out a request for someone to cover and report on the event. This event can be covered by the community collectively, with parents and students posting pictures, videos and anecdotes about the event. This will allow for multiple viewpoints and encourage a sense of community, both outside and within the network itself.  

Steps for news organizations:

1.  Post a link and mission statement on the website explaining the news organization’s vision for the ning.  

2.  Invite readers to join. 

3. Ask some staff reporters to join the network and make themselves available as resources for budding citizen journalists.  

4. Also reach out to community members who have certain skills to serve as “experts” on the social network.

5. Post events online and ask community members to post events too.   Request attendees to take and post pictures, short videos, etc.  

6.  Post or link to youtube tutorials that explain how to create various types of media such as short videos on iPhones, googlemaps.  
Why is Ning.com [[different from other social networking sites|http://www.bigmouthmedia.com/live/articles/social-network-hopes-to-ning-on-myspace.asp/3548/]] like MySpace, [[Facebook|http://www.facebook.com/]] and [[Twitter|http://twitter.com/]]? 

- it is a platform that anyone can use to create a network around shared interests and hobbies, unlike others who connect you to everyone else in the world. 
- it gives users the opportunity to create their very own social network with free tools and hosting. 
- it can be set up in a matter of minutes and shared with family, friends or colleagues.
-  it gives control of the Ning network and its features to the user.
-  users can enable options to watch videos online, listen to music, create a photo slideshow or publish their own blog. This level of control is continued in the visual design and layout of the social network. EduCause notes that the most significant part of the network is that it is free and requires no technical skill. While users experiment and learn more about the site, the site’s creators and more technologically advanced users are constantly developing new tools for Ningers. This allows for constant updates, user encouragement and new ways to spread the news.
- offering extensive customization options, any business can add their own visual design to a new social network and control the features available to its members.
- most people who go online regularly are already connected to a social network like Facebook or MySpace.  However, many people consider these sites as their personal spaces and do not want to mix them with their professional lives.  Educause notes that Ning offers the opportunity “to take advantage of a social network in a neutral setting, offering functionality and an experience that are familiar and comfortable to students.”  Although Educause focuses on students, the observations can be extended to anyone who uses Facebook or MySpace.    

There are several things for news organizations and journalists to keep in mind when launching a ning network in order to take full advantage of its social networking features:

• The goal of the ning is to create an open journalistic culture (as discussed by [[Deuze|http://nms.sagepub.com/cgi/content/refs/5/2/203]]) that encourages dialogue between community members and news staff.  To this end, editors and staff reporters should refrain from moderating and allow community members to set the rules for moderating.   The role of news staff should be to serve as resources that the community members can tap as they report on their own communities.  

• The initial ning should be viewed as a work in progress and not the final product.  As news staff members create the initial site, they should attempt to establish as many points of entry as possible for community members.  For example, they can add the following features to their website:  blogs, photos, music, story ideas, chat, polling, etc.  Set access levels that allow community members not only to contribute, but also to change the architecture of the social network.  They should also encourage feedback from community members on how they can shape the ning to community needs.  

• Make the ning as interactive as possible.  As mentioned above, set the access levels so that any community member can tinker with the site and adapt it to specific community needs.   As Deuze points out, there are several types of interactivity- functional, adaptive, and navigational.  Here is how you can design your ning in a way that includes these three types of interactivity. 

1. Functional: Invite community members who have a technical background
to create new applications suited to specific community needs.  For example, if you live in a city like Philadelphia which has an abundance of bars and happy hours, a developer can create an application that allows users to check times/dates for happy hours on any given day

2. Navigational:  Navigational interactivity is built into ning by default, because users can access information in a structured way through the link bar on the top of the page.  Maintain this structure and invite community members to decide what features are needed/will be used most.  News staff and community members should collectively decide on the main features and layout of the website, either by taking polls, having an online chat, starting a forum, etc.  
3. Adaptive:  Encourage community members to develop and maintain their own personal web pages, much like a personal Facebook account.  
Ultimately, the key to a successful ning is its member-base. As Nicholas [[Economides|http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/125/nings-infinite-ambition.html?page=1%2C0]], professor of Economics at NYU points out in a fascinating article about ning's as a "viral expansion loop": "The more connections you have, the more nodes, the more people, the more valuable it will be." 

[[Tips for Journalists]]

[[Ning to Enhance Community Journalism]]

[[Ning in Action: Ideal Scenario]]

[[How Ning is Used]]

[[Ning to Enhance Community Journalism]]

[[Ning vs. Other Social Networks]]
how Ning is changing community journalism
Ning for News Organizations
• Beat Reporting Nings: If your beat is poverty, for example, then you can invite the following people to join your social network:  journalists you know that cover the same beat in other parts of the country (or even other countries!),  social workers who work to alleviate poverty (job counselors, homeless shelter administrators), individuals that you have met through the course of your reporting (i.e. individuals who have dealt with foreclosure, former or current homeless people, shelter residents), micro-credit bankers, economic justice activists.  The ning can enable you to have conversations to reflect on your journalistic practice, exchange tips and techniques to improve your reporting, post events related to poverty such as a community forum organized by a local nonprofit on the development of a new shelter.  You can also share photos, write blogs, and set up a news feed that pulls stories about the issue.  

• Story-Specific Nings:  These would work in much the same way as a beat reporting ning, except that they would be focused on a particular story.  These nings would work best for long narratives or book projects where journalists can tap into the wisdom of the audience to collect ideas, request feedback, fundraise for travel costs, set up speaking events related to their book, etc.  

• Regional Nings:  These can function like an online professional group. Journalists can create city or state-based nings that draw on the expertise of professional journalists.  

• Freelance Journalist Nings:  Like the regional nings, a freelance journalist ning can be city, county or state-based and offer freelancers an opportunity to discuss their craft, post information about gigs and employers (for e.g. if a freelancer wrote a story for a local newspaper and the editor ducked out on the payment, then the freelancer can post a warning for other freelancers), and create an online community.   

• Existing nings: Journalists can also join existing networks concerning stories/issues that they might be reporting on.